Current issue - №1 / 2019
Elena V. Bochkareva Organized crime as a form of crime self-determination // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2019. - №1. - P. 5-11.
The article examines the impact of organized crime on the criminalization of modern Russian society - the so-called self-determination of crime. To effectively prevent crime self-determination, it is necessary to study all its forms and mechanisms in a comprehensive manner, and special emphasis should be placed on organized crime due to its increased public danger. The proposed approach allows deeper and more precise investigation of the self-determination of organized crime and related phenomena. Recently there has been a transformation of Russian organized crime into economic crime, and this explains the deep criminalization of the Russian economy. The article also discusses another form of self-determination of crime, closely related to organized crime - corruption. The Russian experience of preventing organized crime results in the need to develop a comprehensive strategy in this area. The results of the conducted research can be applied in the educational process when studying the course of criminology in higher educational institutions. Mission: To consider organized crime as a global problem of the modern world, as well as a mechanism for its self-determination. Methodology: analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, formal legal method, statistical method. Results. Effective measures to counteract organized crime and corruption, in addition to the available ones, will be the following: toughening criminal prosecution for crimes committed as part of a criminal group (criminal community), for taking bribes; it is necessary to exclude the possibility of conditional sentencing to corrupt officials, as well as house arrest as a preventive measure; development of programs to encourage members of the public to counter organized crime and corruption; increase in the professionalism of law enforcement officers; the formation of a negative attitude towards organized crime and corruption in society. Moreover, in order to prevent transnational organized crime, states need to effectively implement the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime in Palermo in 2000, the UN Convention Against Corruption 2003, etc. Undoubtedly, these Conventions are the legal basis which is necessary not only for developing and implementing more effective interstate measures, but for improving international cooperation to counter crime throughout the world. Scientific and practical significance. The significance of the study consists in determining the nature of organized crime as a global problem, considering the mechanism of self-determination of organized crime and the interaction of organized crime and corruption crime, as well as developing recommendations on countering organized crime.
Yana S. Butakova The recovery of tax loss caused by the inaccuracy of the representations about the circumstances // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2019. - №1. - P. 11-15.
Since June 1, 2015, the institution of assurances (article 431.2 of the Civil Code) appeared in Russian civil law, which in fact is an analogue of the English Institute of warranties. Initially, English law actively applied the institution of assurance to m&a transactions (the seller transferring shares made the buyer know what is transferred to him – the cost of the share, the presence of encumbrances, their profitability, etc.). This institution has become actively integrated by business participants in the contract law in the form of separate tax representations.
Mariya L. Gelfond, Oksana N. Mishchuk, Evgeniya Yu. Miroshina Economic ideal as a guideline for the successful social development // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2019. - №1. - P. 15-22.
The article is based on the critical analysis and comparing various means of understanding the phenomenon “economic ideal” in the history of national social and philosophic idea of the first part of the XX century. The S.N. Bulgakov’s ideas about the nature of the economic activity, its targets and sense, which influence the contemporary socio cultural situation, are the heuristic foundation of the paper. The authors of the article apply the multidisciplinary approach to the studied problem using the methods of philosophic, linguoculturological and sociological analysis.
Valentina S. Krivoshapkina A family newspaper gives scope to the teamwork of parents with their children // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2019. - №1. - P. 23-28.
The urgency of the problem under study is due to insufficient time allotted by parents (for various reasons) to communicate, to work with their children (Volkov, 2002). The article tries to solve this problem by organizing a competition for family newspapers at school, which will help parents organize teamwork with their children in order to develop their creative abilities. The leading method for the study of this problem is the expansion and deepening of the children developmental space in their native language (Shishigina, 2011). It is achieved by organizing systematic work, namely the annual competition for family newspapers on a particular topic (the topic is chosen in autumn at the school-wide parent meeting), followed by public defense of works by the end of the school year, summing up and awarding the winners. The materials of the article may be useful for language teachers in organizing work on the development of the worldview and creativity of children, the development of knowledge and skills in their native language, as well as on attracting parents to cooperate with the school.
Inna S. Bukharova, Marina V. Byvsheva, Polina V. Kropotukhina Experimental study of a younger schoolchild motivation // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2019. - №1. - P. 28-36.
In the early school years, the evolution of cognitive motivation becomes one of the most important stages of development. The purpose of the article is to study learning motivation of a primary school student. The principal method to study this problem is the method of conversation followed by a generalization of the data array obtained by content analysis. We used the methodology developed at the Institute of Childhood of the Russian State Pedagogical Institute under the guidance of A.G. Gogoberidze. The authors found out that the motives for studying at school in the group under consideration from the 1st grade to the 4th do not change and the main motives (causes) of learning at school are – gaining knowledge, mastering the ability to learn, self-improvement and preparation for future life. These are internal motives of cognitive nature. Younger students showed a positive attitude towards teachers. Most children speak positively of the qualities of their teachers, as well as the features of teachers’ professional activity. The article materials can be useful to theorists and practitioners in the field of primary education in reference to determining and maintaining the trajectory of educational motivation in younger schoolchildren.
Ekaterina P. Kuznetsova Industrial cooperation as a tool for interaction between industrial enterprises in Russia // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2019. - №1. - P. 37-43.
Nowadays, the objectives associated with the development of the real sector of the economy are becoming more relevant. Production constitutes the backbone of the Russian economy, defining its level and specialization. It is a set of economic entities engaged in production of goods in material form and classified to the sphere of circulation which delivers the goods to the consumer; however, to build a more effective system for the development of this sector it is required to develop tools to improve the efficiency of its development. One of such tools is the development of industrial cooperation. The purpose for the paper is to study the development of industrial cooperation. The study reveals the essence, peculiarities and factors in the development of industrial cooperation. The author briefly analyzes the development of industrial cooperation in the regions. It is concluded that the economic policy of the country aimed at regions’ economic growth may rely on the initiatives in the development of industrial cooperation.
Development of students’ linguistic competence under condition of bilingualism based on ethnic-cultural approach
Oksana V. Legostaeva Development of students’ linguistic competence under condition of bilingualism based on ethnic-cultural approach // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2019. - №1. - P. 43-48.
The article covers the problem of the cultural conflict prevention through proper interpretation of ethnic-cultural stereotypes It also pays attention to bilingual education as an effective means of successful coexistence of various cultures in the polylingual world.
Eugenia V. Livskaya , Maria A. Konkova Mythopoetical Aspect of Ted Chiang’s 'Tower of Babylon' Short Story // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2019. - №1. - P. 49-52.
The up-to-date significance of the article is proved by the scientists' permanent interest in main principles of postmodern prose, including postmodern text relationships with quoted sources. The objective of the paper is to define the mythopoetics as a key component of postmodernism and reveal the ways of its functioning in a text. Thus, the major methods used in the article are comparative, historical and typological. The authors focus on the interpretation of the biblical tradition of the Tower of Babylon in the eponymous short story by Ted Chiang. The comparative analysis of the both, original and poetic texts is necessary to identify the author's neo-myth growing up in the “Tower of Babylon” of Chiang on the foundation of the famous plot. The results of the research can be used in the further study of Ted Chiang's works, and postmodern Literature in general.
Foreign linguistic competence structure transformation as a new reality during hypermedia space development
Lada Yu. Lichman , Oksana M. Kononets Foreign linguistic competence structure transformation as a new reality during hypermedia space development // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2019. - №1. - P. 52-61.
The paper focuses on the issues relating to information-induced foreign linguistic competence structure transformation. The fast growing social and economic system is established to fundamentally change the employment structure and labour market. The set of professional competences in education is noted to be proportional to the request for competence in the society. The limited number of professional competences is meant to be used in response to the development of such innovative areas, as digital economy, artificial intelligence, biotechnological social reality. The paper highlights the distinct advantage of social competence- generating reality over the field of educational life support. The "knowledge – competence" opposition, which is made by the scientific community discretely, is supposed to be erroneous. It is established that the KSC (knowledge, skills, competencies) foreign-language learning tradition naturally compliments a competency-based approach within the global competence paradigm concept sphere. There are presented historic examples, which are illustrative of the Ukraine's language education efficiency. Measures, aimed at rearranging the system of students' linguistic training / retraining, are expected to be taken in order to enhance social and personal potential. Implementing a poly-competency-based educational model is substantiated to be of great importance. The further effective language education is stated to depend on the teaching staff and students' adaptation and effective interactions against the backdrop of hypermedia space.
Role-playing game as a means of developing coherent speech in junior schoolchildren with hearing impairment
Maria D. Makartseva Role-playing game as a means of developing coherent speech in junior schoolchildren with hearing impairment // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2019. - №1. - P. 62-69.
The urgency of the problem under study is due to the insufficient development of the means of improving coherent speech in junior schoolchildren with hearing impairments in the process of playing activity. The article is aimed at studying the characteristics of coherent speech formation in children with hearing impairments. The leading methods for studying this problem were “Methods for the development of preschool age children speech” by Ushakova O. S. and Strunina E.M. After analysis of the experiment results, it was concluded that in the course of the work carried out, children of primary school age improved the level of object description, as well as the level of narrative statements on the picture plot. The article materials may be useful for teachers and educators to work with children suffering from hearing impairments, as well as for students of pedagogical departments and faculties of colleges and Universities in their preparation for the classes and during the pedagogical practice.
Integrative peculiarities of inner neologisms-transposits of the 1990-s – the begin-ning of the xxi century in German (based on the material of nouns)
Elena I. Mikheeva Integrative peculiarities of inner neologisms-transposits of the 1990-s – the begin-ning of the xxi century in German (based on the material of nouns) // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2019. - №1. - P. 70-75.
The relevance of the research topic is determined primarily by the increasing attention of modern linguistics to the study of neologisms of the modern German language using In-ternet resources. The article aims to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the integration features of derived neologisms of different spheres of use. The leading method for the study of this problem is the author's complex technique, which includes different levels of integration. Internal neologisms are characterized by a two-part binary word-formation structure, in some cases there is a three-and four-part structure; the grammatical gender of the noun, to which the affix (for derivatives) is attached, the form of the genitive and plural in accordance with the norm of the German language; the preservation of the pro-nunciation of the German language. The practical value is determined by the ability to use the material and the practical results in lectures on lexicology, style and history of the German language, in the theory and practice of translation, in neography, as well as in lectures on linguistics. In addition, the use of research materials in the educational pro-cess will contribute to the replenishment of teachers and students of knowledge in the field of the latest German vocabulary, serving electronic media.
Alexander I. Morozov, Tatiana P. Sataieva Trypanosoma cruzi and biotherapy of cancer: history of the drug "Crucine" // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2019. - №1. - P. 76-81.
The growing rate of cancer cases worldwide generates an urgent need of novel treatment options. The article is devoted to the discovery of the protozoa drug "Crucine" which made a great contribution to overcoming the oncological diseases. Thanks to the discovery of the drug thousands of people were cured. The drug effect discovered by Soviet scientists is based on the fact that some trypanosome molecules "recognize" cancer cells and kill them. Other antigens can affect a person’s immune system by mobilizing it to fight the cancer. So far this is only a hypothesis, but, according to some scientists, the search for the chemical basis of crucine should be continued.
Scientific Researches in the Arctic: Some Prospects of Human Resources Management in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
Vasilij E. Ohlopkov Scientific Researches in the Arctic: Some Prospects of Human Resources Management in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2019. - №1. - P. 81-86.
The national interests of the Russian Federation in the Arctic are defined by the “Fundamentals of the State Politics of the Russian Federation in the Arctic for the period up to 2020” approved by the President of the Russian Federation in 2008. From this point, the Yakutia science can serve as the basis of the industrial development of the Arctic. The creation of a scientific and technological platform in Yakutia will allow the integration of the resources and multidisciplinary competences of the SB RAS research institutes, the IT enterprises to solve the priority tasks of the development of the country. The creation of the “Arctic” technological platform will contribute to the expansion of Russia to foreign markets through the development of independently evolving robotic production complexes.
Svetlana V. Pazukhina, Zinaida N. Kalinina Studying the relations of russian students to the problems of patriotism // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2019. - №1. - P. 86-91.
The article analyzes the results of the study of the attitude of students - future teachers to the problem of patriotism and patriotic education. A rather high rank position of patriotism value in the value system of Russian students has been revealed. It is shown that the majority of students consider themselves patriots of their country. According to students, it is necessary to continue to improve the activities of educational organizations in the field of patriotic education of the younger generation.
Georgy V. Rozhkov, Oksana N. Mishchuk Streaming as a favorable field for digital marketing // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2019. - №1. - P. 92-101.
The relevance of the problem is determined by the development of the newly appeared field for digital marketing – streaming-platform. The article is aimed at the consideration of the statistical data demonstrating the efficiency of the promotion through streams, for example twitch.tv. The applied method of the research of this problem is the analysis: comparative analysis, factor analysis, analysis of statistics. The authors suggest the division of the streaming channels according to their attractiveness for advertisers, the ways of the brand integration into the stream and the steps of the most productive promotion. The authors consider the indicators to assess the profitability of the advertising campaign through the streaming-platforms for further control. The applied strategies in the framework of the Twitch are considered. The material of the article can be useful for commercial organizations when planning and conducting advertising campaigns.