Modern European Researches

Журнал издается на английском языке раз в три месяца в печатном и электронном виде.

SIGNIFICANT ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEM THAT UNITES THE COUNTRIES OF CENTRAL ASIA
Hosiyat A. Bahretdinova SIGNIFICANT ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEM THAT UNITES THE COUNTRIES OF CENTRAL ASIA // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2018. - №4. - P. 4-8.
Water resources are a vital strategic and closely interdependent factor in Central Asia. They are connected by common river basins of the Syr Darya and Amudarya rivers. The countries of the region have large reserves of gas, oil, coal and uranium. An industrial base for the extraction of energy resources has been created, sufficient for the stable economic development of all the countries of Central Asia. For more than 50 years, the scale negative environmental and socio-economic consequences of the drying up of the Aral Sea for the Central Asian region are widely known throughout the world. The Republic of Uzbekistan makes a significant and tangible contribution to mitigating the impact of the Aral catastrophe on the environment and health of the population of the Aral Sea area. However, the scale of existing problems requires drawing the attention of the broad world public to measures aimed at restoring the ecosystems of the region and achieving its sustainable development.
SUCCESS AS A PHILOSOPHICAL CATEGORY AND A SOCIAL PHENOMENON
Mariya L. Gelfond, Oksana N. Mishchuk, Evgeniya Yu. Miroshina SUCCESS AS A PHILOSOPHICAL CATEGORY AND A SOCIAL PHENOMENON // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2018. - №4. - P. 9-15.
The urgency of the research is determined by the particular values-based orientations of the contemporary society. The purpose of the article is a system analysis of success as a fundamental and multifaceted sociocultural phenomenon. The research strategy is multidisciplinary. The authors introduce linguocultural, ethical and philosophical and sociological approaches to interpreting the concept “success” in its personal and social facets. The comparative research of the key models of success understanding in the historical development of European and Russian culture is conducted as well as the present state of research in the field. The materials may be used for the further development of the theoretical and applied research of the phenomenon “success”.
THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE ANCIENT GENRES IN SIGIZMUND KRZHYZHANOVSKY PROSE
Eugenia V. Livskaya THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE ANCIENT GENRES IN SIGIZMUND KRZHYZHANOVSKY PROSE // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2018. - №4. - P. 15-18.
The up-to-date significance of the article is explained by scientists’ permanent interest in genre definition and its development in Literature. The objective of the article is to define genres of Ancient Greek Literature and Philosophy and explore their existence in modern literature based on works of Sigismund Krzhyzhanovsky. The key methods used by the author of the article are historical and typological ones. The paper examines Krzhyzhanovsky’s prose which transforms the ancient genre of Menippean Satire into a key element of his experimenting realistic prose. The results of the investigation can be further used in the study of the main poetic methods and approaches of the Russian and Foreign Literature of the 1920-30s.
COMPETENCYBASED APPROACH IN THE SYSTEM OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF POLICE OFFICERS
Olga A. Maltseva, Artem A. Perkov COMPETENCYBASED APPROACH IN THE SYSTEM OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF POLICE OFFICERS // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2018. - №4. - P. 19-30.
Topical issues of professional training in the educational organizations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, in particular within competence-based ap-proach are consideredin this article. The essence of vocational training of the police of-ficer is opened. The system of vocational education in departmental higher education in-stitutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation is shownfrom the point of view of competence-based approach. Authors designed features of implementa-tion of competence-based approach and drew the main conclusions.The stated materials in article can be useful to psychologists, headsof the departments, internal affairs officers.
PROSPECTS FOR IMPROVING RUSSIA'S COMPETITIVENESS THROUGH THE DEVELOPMENT OF FOREIGN TRADE RELATIONS WITH THE CIS COUNTRIES
Svetlana V. Pronina PROSPECTS FOR IMPROVING RUSSIA'S COMPETITIVENESS THROUGH THE DEVELOPMENT OF FOREIGN TRADE RELATIONS WITH THE CIS COUNTRIES // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2018. - №4. - P. 31-35.
The urgency of the problem under study is caused by the exacerbation of the situation in Russia's foreign trade relations with world countries, caused by sanctions. Therefore, the issues of organizing foreign trade of Russia with neighboring countries become relevant from an economic point of view. The purpose of the article is to study the volume of Russian exports with the CIS countries on the basis of customs statistics, to offer measures for the development of foreign trade, improvement of welfare and the Russian economy in conditions of sanctions. Theoretical and empirical methods, in particular, analysis, evaluation, method of mathematical statistics, graphical, and expert methods were chosen as the main methods to research this problem. The article considers the CIS countries as the main objects for interaction in the market, explores the most efficient sectors of trade with these countries. A statistical analysis of the trend and seasonal fluctuations of exports of the Russian Federation with the CIS countries is carried out; conclusions are drawn based on an analysis of the plotted linear graph. We consider the problems and risks associated with the political and economic situation and make forecasts concerning the development trends of the Russian economy. According to the results of the study, the author draws some conclusions and suggests solutions to the identified problems. The materials of the article may be useful for the development of regional programs of investment attractiveness for the territories of Russia and the development of measures to improve the competitiveness of Russia through the development of foreign trade relations with the CIS countries.
REVEALING CHILDREN’S NEEDS IN FOSTER CARE PLACEMENTS. COMMENTING SOME REGULATIONS OF THE GOVERNMENT’S TARGET SOCIAL PROGRAM FOR REFORM OF THE SYSTEM OF INSTITUTIONS FOR ORPHANS AND CHILDREN WITHOUT PARENTAL CARE (APPROVED BY THE RESOLUTION OF THE CABINET OF MINISTERS OF UKRAINE ON OCTOBER 17, 2007)
Gennady A. Senkevich, Margarita Nikolaeva REVEALING CHILDREN’S NEEDS IN FOSTER CARE PLACEMENTS. COMMENTING SOME REGULATIONS OF THE GOVERNMENT’S TARGET SOCIAL PROGRAM FOR REFORM OF THE SYSTEM OF INSTITUTIONS FOR ORPHANS AND CHILDREN WITHOUT PARENTAL CARE (APPROVED BY THE RESOLUTION OF THE CABINET OF MINISTERS OF UKRAINE ON OCTOBER 17, 2007) // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2018. - №4. - P. 36-46.
The topicality of the problem under study is determined by the necessity of changing the system of pedagogical approaches to children from orphanages during the process of their being transferred into foster families and into family-type orphanages. The objective of the article is to study the processes concerning these children’s adaptation to their new social conditions. Such processes are part of the government’s new social strategy initiated by the adoption of the Government’s Target Social Program for Reform of the System of Institutions for Orphans and Children without Parental Care (“Gosudarstvennaya tselevaya sotsialnaya programma reformirovaniya sistemy ucherezhdeniy dlya detey-sirot i detey lishennyh roditelskoy opeki”, 2007). The article also aims at studying children’s psychophysical abnormalities caused by their parents’ antisocial behavior leading to the children’s being placed into the boarding house. The necessity of changing the current state of affairs can be explained by the demands of the time. As the first part of the Program, the society has come to the conclusion that the approach to orphans’ socialization must be changed and adapted to the modern conditions of these children’s lives by using the world’s and Europe’s experience which has given positive results. Firm steps must be taken towards deinstitutionalization – liquidation of orphan boarding houses which for decades have been closed institutions for thousands of Ukrainian children. Therefore, the primary goal of the society is not placing children into conditions which isolate them from the outer world, but rather transferring these children into sound families. If families get support and assistance, children will stay with parents. For many years the government has neglected the opinion of orphans themselves and thought that orphans are taken proper care of because their minimum, i.e. biological, needs are satisfied. But, in fact, only thorough and comprehensive study of children’s needs can guarantee their adequate development in our fast-paced world. The principal outcome of the research is the elaboration of definite recommendations: - in accordance with the peculiarities of a certain family (economic security, desocialization level, living conditions, etc.); - on the basis of revealing needs of a certain child; - taking into account the resources of the local community; - by using modern methods and approaches. The materials can be used in specialized and training courses for Oles Honchar Dnipro National University students specializing in social work as well as in upgrade training courses for social workers of state institutions and non-profit organizations.
RISKS ON PARTIALLY ORDERED SETS
Tatyana A. Urazaeva RISKS ON PARTIALLY ORDERED SETS // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2018. - №4. - P. 47-57.
The urgency of the problem under study is due to the wide prevalence of economic and political systems, which are characterized not by numerical values, but by partial orders on sets of outcomes. The purpose of the article is to illustrate the possibility of using a modern mathematical apparatus to study risk in the presence of only a partial order on the set of system development outcomes. The main approaches to the study of this problem are the methods of game theory and probability-theoretic constructions. Approaches to the construction of risk models in economic systems described in terms of sets of non-numeric nature and some partial orders defined on these sets are considered on practical examples. Materials of the article may be useful in the study of both political and economic risks in conditions of insufficient and / or incomplete information, in the conditions of restrictions on orders definitions on groups of probability spaces.
PECULIARITIES OF FORMATION, ACCUMULATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCES IN CONTEMPORARY ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
Sergey V. Fedjukov, Irina V. Sheshneva, Tatyana V. Rodionova PECULIARITIES OF FORMATION, ACCUMULATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCES IN CONTEMPORARY ECONOMIC CONDITIONS // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2018. - №4. - P. 58-62.
The article is focused on the problems of formation, accumulation and development of human resources in conditions of national Russian economy, regarding various scientific approaches to investigation of the influence of contemporary systems of education, health care and social progress on human resources.