Текущий выпуск - №1 / 2021
Alexei I. Belousov ABOUT TEACHING METHODS OF SOME SECTIONS OF GRAPH THEORY (CYCLES SPACE OF UNDIRECTED GRAPH) // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2021. - №1. - P. 4-7.
The article is devoted to the methodological aspects of teaching some sections of graph theory. A new proof of the theorem on the expansion of an undirected graph arbitrary cycle into the sum of fundamental cycles is considered. The set of graph cycles is given the structure of a linear space over a field , and then the system of fundamental cycles forms the basis of this space. Based on the proved theorem, we can easily get an algorithm for expanding an arbitrary cycle by a basis. The article is predominantly methodological in nature and can be useful for teachers and students studying the course of discrete mathematics.
Yana S. Butakova THE IMPACT OF BREXIT ON THE SANCTIONED REGULATION OF THE ACTIVITIES OF BRITISH COMPANIES // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2021. - №1. - P. 7-15.
In this article, we will look at the impact of Brexit on the procedure of sanctions verification of counterparty companies and transactions with them, and examine the changed legal regulation due to this event.
Elena V. Vasilyeva, Sofia V. Matvienko MAKING SENSE OF THE WORLD // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2021. - №1. - P. 15-20.
The relevance of the problem under study is due to the existence of different worldviews in the modern world. The purpose of the article is to examine the various sets of minds of cultures. The leading approach to the study of this problem is multicultural. The article deals with the main problems of theology and atheism in today's world. The authors make a special scientific perspective on the positioning of the multicultural basis of ideology in different cultures. Much attention is paid to considering the Biblical worldview. The materials of the article can be useful in the general process for acquainting with differences in the cultures' sense of the world.
Artur O. Gorshkov PATENTING IN BIOTECHNOLOGY // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2021. - №1. - P. 20-28.
The article is devoted to the study of the concepts of biotechnology and biopatent. Their scientific definitions are offered, the classification of the directions of biotechnologies is given. The paper analyzes the state of patenting of biotechnological inventions in our country. A comparative analysis of the patenting procedure in the United States and Russia is carried out. Examples of problems encountered by biotechnologists who have not patented their invention are given. The role of the patent attorney is shown. The article shows the importance of biotechnologies for the modern world and the importance of patent and legal protection of achievements in the field of biotechnologies.
IMPACT OF SOCIAL LEARNING ON ENTREPRENEURIAL BEHAVIOUR: CASE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION IN SIERRA LEONE UNIVERISITIES
Jacob Vandy, Ruth Villa Salaymatu, Ekaterina S. Pavlyuk IMPACT OF SOCIAL LEARNING ON ENTREPRENEURIAL BEHAVIOUR: CASE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION IN SIERRA LEONE UNIVERISITIES // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2021. - №1. - P. 28-38.
The aim of this study is to study the impact of social learning on entrepreneurship and university learning in the behavior of participants in the course of entrepreneurship development. Primary data was collected from 100 students of continuing education courses in entrepreneurship offered by three Sierra Leone universities, including Fourah Bay College (FBC), Njala University (NU) and the Institute of Public Administration (IPAM). Based on the results of factor analysis, the social learning process included four factors: attention, retention, motor reproduction, and motivation. The results obtained show that social learning exists in business education and has a positive impact on the development of entrepreneurial behavior in the following way: planning activities that create legal and market behavior. Especially mechanical reproduction, it proved to be an important prerequisite of all three business models. In addition, entrepreneurs will participate in social training in business education to develop their entrepreneurial training. The study provides up-to-date information for the higher education sector, which oversees entrepreneurship courses to ensure the effectiveness of business education. However, this study focuses on existing arguments for the link between social learning and entrepreneurship development through quantitative analysis.
Svetlana V. Pazukhina PSYCHOLOGICAL SPECIFICITY OF RESOCIALIZATION OF ADOLESCENTS WITH DEVIANT BEHAVIOR // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2021. - №1. - P. 38-44.
The author analyzes the social and psychological characteristics of adolescents with deviant (socially dangerous) behavior. It was revealed that a high level of verbal and physical aggression, instability of mental states, impulsive behavior, inadequate self-esteem, a low level of self-control, communication problems, pronounced deformations in all socially significant spheres of relations characterize them. A low level of morality is a characteristic feature for the adolescents with deviant behavior. They are dominated by hedonistic, material and criminal motives of behavior. The revealed socio-psychological characteristics of adolescents with deviant behavior, correlated with the data of various researchers, indicate a rather large percentage of deformations in all socially significant spheres of relations between these children. With a high degree of probability, it makes it possible to predict unfavorable options for their development without targeted intervention at the level of psychological assistance and psychocorrection. The author formulates recommendations for taking into account the data obtained in the process of resocialization of pupils of special educational closed institutions for students with deviant (socially dangerous) behavior in terms of psychological correction, preventive work, and monitoring the dynamics of the rehabilitation process on the basis of the research.
DEMOGRAPHIC SITUATION IN MODERN UZBEKISTAN: CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF GOVERNMENT DEMOGRAPHIC POLICY
Olga I. Stepanova, Aida M. Tyukmaeva DEMOGRAPHIC SITUATION IN MODERN UZBEKISTAN: CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF GOVERNMENT DEMOGRAPHIC POLICY // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2021. - №1. - P. 44-49.
The presented article examines the features of the current demographic situation and government demographic policy in the Republic of Uzbekistan. The most important priority directions of government social programs, as well as modern trends, factors and criteria for the development of demographic processes dynamics in the Republic of Uzbekistan are analyzed. The authors revealed presumptive upcoming dynamics of the birth rate and the potential importance of the family in the system of value orientations of the young people of Uzbekistan on the basis of a sociological survey among the youth of Uzbekistan. They present forecast estimates of the prospects for increasing the birth rate in the next decade.
Olena. V Tupakhina POST-COLONIAL TRAUMA IN PETER CAREY’S “JACK MAGGS” // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2021. - №1. - P. 50-54.
The article’s relevance is determined by the necessity to critically reconsider the foundations of traditional Post-Colonial studies with regard to the text produced by modern Neo-Victorian writers stemming from the countries where colonialism, on the one hand, serves as a nationhood foundation, and, on the other hands, proves to be source of trauma both for the colonizers and the colonized. The article’s aim is to explore Peter Carey’s “Jack Maggs” (a critical rewriting of Charles Dickens’s “Great Expectations” from the point of view of an outlaw expelled to Australia) as a sample of a specific generic modification of a traditional post-colonial novel, resulting from the Neo-Victorian fiction’s ambiguous attitude to the Imperial heritage of the Victorian age. The methodological framework of the article comprises both the traditional methods of Post-Colonial criticism (E. Said, H. Bhabha, G. Spivak) and the approaches established within the Neo-Victorian studies. The results of the research show the role the Victorian cultural legacy’s reinterpretation plays in overcoming the Australian “bastard complex”. The article thus highlights the political and cultural contexts behind the Neo-Victorian literary projects and could be of use for literary scholars, Culture Studies scholars and students of Humanities.