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RELIGIOUS-PHILOSOPHICAL MYSTICISM AND SCIENCE IN RUSSIAN PHILOSOPHY IN THE LATE XIX AND EARLY XX CENTURIES
Svetlana G. Gutova, Ivan V. Berillo RELIGIOUS-PHILOSOPHICAL MYSTICISM AND SCIENCE IN RUSSIAN PHILOSOPHY IN THE LATE XIX AND EARLY XX CENTURIES // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2021. - №4. - P. 4-11.
The article examines the relationship between religion, philosophy and science, using the example of Russian religious thought at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century. The article considers the issue of religious consciousness as the basis of philosophy, focused on the disclosure of the meaning and purpose of human existence. The subject of this research is the relationship of the mystical principle, religious consciousness and scientific thinking. The work notes that the Russian thinkers of the Silver Age saw the meaning of philosophical searches in a special moral content associated with a religious worldview. The article notes that human existence, oriented towards a spiritual ideal, can be understood only through the striving for completeness, wholeness and perfection. As a basic principle, it is asserted that outside the religious feeling, integral knowledge cannot arise, since only an integral person striving to merge with the divine principle is able to comprehend the truth. The main research method is the historical and philosophical analysis of various teachings, which makes it possible to find similar ideas in the works of representatives of Russian religious philosophy, showing a deep connection between religious, philosophical and scientific knowledge, which follows from the purpose of the person himself. Fundamental to understanding the essence of human existence are such concepts as faith, creativity and freedom, which for Russian philosophers are the main spiritual force capable of overcoming the extremes of rationality and materialism. The article concludes that true knowledge can be presented only in the unity of all the basic forms of knowledge of the world, but subject to their connection with the religious and moral content.
Natalia S. Kozhanova PERSONAL POTENCIAL OF TEACHERS WORKING WITH CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2021. - №4. - P. 12-18.
The relevance of the issue under study is due to the problem of rapid professional burnout, accompanied by regression of health and decrease in the resilience of teachers who implement the education of persons with disabilities, since their pedagogical activity is associated with great personal dedication in the absence of a proper number of sources for the development of their personal potential and replenishment of the resource condition. Hence, it becomes important to diagnose and monitor the state and dynamics of elements that make up the potential and, in particular, the resilience of teachers (the need to replenish internal resources, personal effectiveness, teachers' tolerance to uncertainty, responsibility, self-control). The article is aimed at studying the personal potential of teachers who work with students with special educational needs. The article presents the results of studying the personal potential of teachers working with children with developmental disabilities, compares the state of the main constituent elements of the structure of the personal potential of teachers working at different levels of education and with a different contingent of students. The results of the study presented in the article indicate the need to work out strategies and management models focused on the personal development of teachers, providing such an opportunity in principle. This article does not show such strategies, but it allows us to develop this idea and pay close attention to this, since the teachers themselves speak about insufficient attention to their personal, individual improvement. The materials of the article can be useful for psychologists and teachers involved in the psychological and pedagogical process of supporting persons with disabilities in education, for managers of educational organizations and teachers
Anastasiia K. Sidorova ECONOMICS OF HIGHER EDUCATION: EVIDENCE FROM THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION // Modern European Researches. - Salzburg, 2021. - №4. - P. 19-30.
While the Russian higher education system has been observed in crisis for several decades, there is a need for an extensive analysis of the current situation by economic methods. The purpose of this work is to analyse the research results and identify the research gaps in the economics of higher education in Russia. On the one hand, higher education makes a positive impact on individual life. On the other hand, Russia still cannot change the vector to the market model of financing the higher education system and attracting appropriate students. Academic dishonesty and corruption are a common part of the studying process. No one unified approach to the assessment of the higher education quality established yet. The results of the study can be relevant for researchers, policymakers, and managers in the decision-making process.